Gerbera is a genus of the family of sunflowers, Daisies and Asters – Asteraceae, with a wide distribution from Africa to Madagascar, tropical Asia and South America. Through hybridization, Gerberas are available in a massive array of colors. The fifth most popular flower in the world, Gerbera daisies can mean innocence, purity, and cheerfulness. These large daisy variations come in a number of vibrant colors, and sending them is the perfect way to brighten someone’s day. The Gerbera daisy’s popularity soon traveled to growers in the Netherlands which, along with Columbia, is the primary distributor of the flower’s cut version today. The Gerbera currently ranks as the fifth most popular flower in the world behind the rose, carnations, chrysanthemum, and tulip. Their meanings stem from those attributed to the general daisy family and include innocence and purity, as well as being a classic symbol of beauty. However, the Gerbera variety holds an added meaning of cheerfulness, which is attributed to their perky variety of colors.
Gerbera daisies (Gerbera jamesonii) are commonly grown for their bright and cheerful daisy-like flowers. They originate from South Africa and come in various sizes and colors including pink, yellow, salmon, orange and white, with flower sizes anywhere from 2 to 5 inches across. There are many gerbera daisy cultivars available, bred for their color and flower shape (single, double or multiple petals).
Gerberas come in various forms. Broadly, they can be put into four groups-
Single Flowers – These Gerberas have a row of non-overlapping petals (ray florets) with a green center (disc florets). These are the most common gerberas available in the market.
Double or duplex – These Gerberas have a double row of overlapping petals with a green, black, or dark red eye.
Crested doubles – These doubles contain two rows of overlapping petals with one or more inner rows of shorter petals with a green, black, or dark red eye.
Full crested doubles – These have solid overlapping rows of petals with an inner row diminishing in size, covering the eye entirely.